A city in western Romania and the capital of Caraș-Severin County, in the Banat region. Its 2004 population was 83,985. - capital city; population: 86,383 (2006)
The town was referenced to in the conscription acts of 1717 under the name of Retziza.
On 3 July 1771, it became an important metal-manufacturing center in the region. The foundation of the industrial Reșița were laid with the establishment of factories near the villages of Reșița Română (Reschiza Kamerală or Oláh Resitza) and Reșița Montană (Eisenwerk Reschitza, Német(h) Reschitza or Resiczbánya).
Reșița Montană was at first inhabited by Romanians, and later, in 1776, 70 German families settled there.
Between 1880 and 1941, Germans were the dominant population in the city, with as many of them as 12,096 residing here in 1941, as opposed to 9,453 Romanians, and 1861 Hungarians living here in the same year.