Danube Swabian History
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"History is the memory of things said and done."
- Carl L. Becker


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Atrocities Against The Danube Swabian - Starting in 1944

Population Statistics of the Donauschwaben (1918-1948

1. Central Civilian Internment and Labor Camps - The imprisonment of the Danube Swabians in internment camps began in December of 1944 and was completed by April 1945.  There were three kinds of camps:

  1. Zentralarbeitslager “Central Labor Camp”

  2. Ortslager “Regional or District Camp”

  3. Konzentrationslager fuer Arbeitsunfaehige “Concentration Camp For Those Unable to Work”

     In the Central Labor Camps most of the inmates were men who were put into work groups and put to hard labor.  In the District or Regional Camps, the local Danube Swabian population was interned, often in their own villages as a stopgap method.  The Concentration Camps were for women, children and older men unable to work.  But in some cases, mothers were separated from their children and teen-agers were later taken to the Labor Camps with them as well. 
Locations: Yugoslavia Banat | Batschka | Syrmia

 

Concise accounts of war crimes during  & after World War II - Tito's Camps

2. Deportation to Soviet Slave Labor Camps

3. The Eight Liquidation Camps "In addition to the numerous local work camps and central camps the Tito regime established a third category, "special camps."

Swabian Orphans - Ethnic German Children of Yugoslavia & Romania, Under the Tito regime 1944-1948

Völkermord der Tito-Partisanen 1944-1948 - "Genocide Carried out by the Tito Partisans" 

Chapter 1: General Introduction, The Mass Liquidations, Deportations to Russia, Internment, The Forced Labor Camps, Concentration Camps, The Closing of the Camps

Chapter 2: In the Batschka: The systematic liquidation program of the Danube Swabian population in the Batschka closely followed the parameters of the governmental districts into which the Batschka was divided for administrative purposes.

The South and South West Batschka. . . people were treated as if they were even worse than animals.”:
Neusatz, Futok, Batschki Jarek, Bulkes, Palanka, Novoselo, Obrowatz, Tscheb, Towarisch, Plavna
The North and Middle Batschka "Where the bloodletting raged": Werbass, Kula, Klein-Ker, Subotitza, Sekitsch-Feketitisch
West and North West Batschka "Death reaps a plentiful harvest”:Hodschag, Karavukovo, Milititisch, Batsch, Filipovo, Apatin, Sonta, Sentiwan, Doroslo, Sombor, Gakowa-Kruschevlje 

Chapter 3: Genocide in the Yugoslavian Banat: "Where innocent blood flowed like a river" Pardanj
The Northern Banat "Where the lust for murder raged": Sanad, Kikinda, Nakovo, St. Hubert, St. Charleville & Soltur, Heufeld, Ruskodorf, Beodra, Molidorf
The North Eastern Banat "The Hunt for Danube Swabians": Cernje, Stefansfeld, Betscherek / Grossbetscherek, Ernsthausen, St. Georgen, Kathreinfeld
The South Eastern Banat "Crimes of Horror": Werschetz, Karlsdorf, Alibunar
The Southern Banat "A Bloodbath Without Borders": Kovin, Ploschitz, Mramorak, Homolitz, Startschevo, Bavanischte
The South Western Banat "Wholesale Murder": Pantschowa, Brestowatz, Glogau, Kowatschitza, Jabuka
The Western Banat "The Starvation Mill": Rudolfsgnad

Chapter 4: Tito's Starvation Camps - The Cauldron:
Syrem:
When the Beasts Ruled “Whoever cannot work will not be allowed to live”: Semlin, Ruma, Mitrowitz, Vukovar
Slavonia: Esseg-Josipowatz, Valpovo, Djakovo, Pisanitza
Baranya:
Belmonoschtor

 

ICRC - International Committee of the Red Cross

Many families were reunited through the efforts and posters of the Red Cross. When we arrived in Austria in 1944 we did not know where my grandparents were. Through the Red Cross we found out they were about sixty-five miles from where we were. We were able to go there. When my father's unit was dissolved he found us, too (in Austria). A lot of public offices had big posters with hundreds of peoples' names who were looking for their relatives. ~ Anne Dreer, 23 Mar 2008
 

Displaced Persons' Camps in Post War Europe

The AVNOJ-Regulations & the Genocide of the Germans in Yugoslavia between 1944-1948

Map of German-speaking settlements in Central and Eastern Europe 1937

4. Deportation to the Baragan - 50 years on - From 1950 onwards, the situation between the Soviet Union under Stalin, and Yugoslavia under Tito, worsened. There were ideological differences between the two. Tito didn't want to be as subservient as the powerful Stalin would have liked. This was the reason for moving those untrustworthy people not faithful to the regime who lived in the zone bordering Yugoslavia. Big Brother, the Soviet Union, had already demonstrated this many times. On the other hand, there were still areas in south-eastern Romania which were sparsely populated and where the State needed cheap labour for the newly-founded agricultural collective. So one day the decision made by the government to deport a section of the population from this border zone to the so-called Baragan Steppes was carried out.

External Links

Totenbuch der Donauschwaben: (Death Roll) - Online Search Surname / Village: English - Deutsch. The genocide of the Germans in Yugoslavia between 1944 and 1948 ... The Danube-Swabian Association (DAG) has published this documentation in the Internet for documentation in the Internet for making it accessible to all interested persons, particularly to our young generation.  Sorted by home town (PDF) | Sorted by surname (XLSX) | Sorted by home town (XLSL)

Axis Invasion of Yugoslavia - United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Washington, DC

The German Expellees: Victims in War and Peace - Theses on the expulsion - Alfred de Zayas

The Expulsion: A Crime Against Humanity by Alfred de Zayas

A German People on The Danube: Denied Their Rights, Persecuted, and Betrayed
On Thursday September 1, 2005 this article by Katharina Nysten, with The Danube Swabian Foundation of the U.S.A., Inc., was published in the German World Magazine

German Expellees & Their Homelands ZVG Website - Its objective is to counteract displacements and expulsions of peoples all over the world, to outlaw and to prevent them and thus to create understanding among nations, reconciliation and the peaceful neighborliness of peoples.  + Fateful Progression of the German expellees


Bibliography

GENOCIDE of the Ethnic Germans in Yugoslavia 1944-1948. Published by the Danube Swabian Association of the USA, 2001. ISBN 0-9710341-0-9

Volume III of the documentation Leidensweg der Deutschen im kommunistischen Jugoslawien, 1995; respectively in the Weissbuch der Deutschen aus Jugoslawien. (The Tragedy of the Ethnic Germans in Yugoslavia).

"Völkermord der Tito-Partisanen" 1944-1948 "Genocide Carried out by the Tito Partisans" Österreichische Historiker-Arbeitsgemeinschaft Für Kärnten und Steiermark, 1992 (Austrian Historian Working Group for Kärnten & Steiermark) Translated & Contributed by Henry Fischer.

Die Kinder Tragödie im Banat by Karl Springenschmid (1979). Translated to English: "Our lost children: Janissaries" by Eve E. Koehler and John A Koehler, 1980)

Supritz, Hans "Palanka an der Donau" 1986. Chairman of the Palanka HOG, the Donauschwaben Association of Baden Württemberg, the Donauschwaben Association of the Federal Republic of Germany, as well as vice president of the World Association of Donauschwaben.   Hans Supritz was honoured last year with the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany for his contributions to the DS cause beyond the call of duty. www.swp.de/ulm/lokales/ulm_neu_ulm/Auszeichnung-fuer-Versoehner;art4329,1443868


[Published at DVHH.org May 12, 2010 by Jody McKim Pharr, last updated 15 Jan 2013]


 

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