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The Eight Liquidation Camps

In addition to the numerous local work camps and central camps the Tito regime established a third category, "special camps." In the Batschka, they consisted of the entire villages Jarek, Gakowa and Kruschiwl. They were already established during the end-phases of the war. In the Banat too, entire villages such as Rudolfsgnad and Molidorf were designated as "special camps." For the relatively few Germans that did not flee from Syrmia, the silk factory at Mitrowitz was converted into the notorious liquidation camp, whereas in Slavonia, sections of the villages Kerndia and Valpovo were fenced in and made into death camps. The first liquidation camp was established on December 2, 1944 at Jarek and the last, Rudolfsgnad, was closed in March 1948.

Camp Molidorf/Molin (Banat)
Established: September 1945 for the ethnic Germans of the North and Middle Banat
Original size of community: 1,200
Number of internees: 5,000 - 7,000
Duration of camp: September 1945 - April 1947 (20 months)
Casualties: about 3,000 (2,012 do cumented by name)
Main causes of death: starvation, typhus, malaria
 
Camp Rudolfsgnad/Knicanin (Banat)
Established: October 10, 1945 for unfit for work ethnic Germans, particularly of the Middle and South Banat.
Original size of the town of Rudolfsgnad: 3,200
Number of internees, average: 17,200 average (maximum: 20,500)
Duration of camp: October 10, 1945 to mid-March 1948 (29 months)
Casualties: about 11,000 (7,767 documented by name)
Main causes of death: starvation, typhus, malaria
 
Camp Gakowa/Gakovo (Batschka)
Concentration camp for the unfit to work, primarily for the Middle and West Batschka.
Original number of inhabitants of the town of Gakowa: 2,700
Number of camp inmates: 17,000
Duration of camp: March 12, 1945 - beginning January 1948 (33 months)
Casualties: Approximately 8,500 (5,827 documented by name)
Main causes of death: starvation, typhus, dysentery, malaria
 
Camp Jarek/Backi Jarak (Batschka)
Established: December 2, 1944 as a concentration camp for the unfit to work of the South Batschka
Original number of inhabitants of the community Jarek: 2,000
Average number of camp inmates: 15,000
Duration of camp: December 2, 1944 - April 17, 1946 (16.5 months)
Casualties: at least 7,000 (5,240 documented by name)
Main causes of death: typhus, dysentery, exhaustion, dystrophy

Camp Kruschiwl/Krusevlje [Batschka]
Established as a concentration camp for the unfit to work of the West and North Batschka.
Original number of the inhabitants of the village of Kruschiwl: 950 (900 ethnic Germans)
Average number of camp inmates: 7,000
Duration of camp: March 12, 1945 - December 10, 1947 (33 months)
Casualties: 3,000 - 3,500 (2,100 documented by name)
Main causes of death: starvation, typhus, dysentery

Svilara / Sremska Mitrovica [Syrmia]
Average number of camp inmates: 1,200
Duration of camp: Aug 1945 - May 1947 (21 months)
Casualties: 2,000
Main causes of death: Hunger, cold, typhoid, dysentery

Kerndia / Krndija [Slavonia]
Average number of camp inmates: 3,000
Duration of camp: Aug 1945 - May 1946 (9 months)
Casualties: 1,500
Main causes of death: Starvation, typhus

Walpach / Valpovo [Slavonia]
Average number of camp inmates: 3,000
Duration of camp: May 1945 - May 1946 (12 months)
Casualties: 1,200
Main causes of death: Dystrophy, dysentery, typhus

Sterntal

Tüchern

These were death camps for Slovenian and Croatian soldiers who had fought on the German side for Slovenian "class enemies" and in general for Gottscheer and German-Untersteirer. These were built in Slovenia and the Lower Styria. Current estimates in both camps together were 2,000 deaths.

 

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