Henry Fischer

Swabian Turkey
Home of the Danube Swabian for over 200 years.


Villages Helping Hands
Remembering Our Danube Swabian Ancestors

Important Historical Information
recommended to read 'before' you start your research.

"Each article provides a related educational read for all Swabians."

Henry Fischer

But if you really can't wait:
Research in Tolna County | Research in Baranya County | Research in Somogy County
Books About Swabian Turkey Danube Swabian
Adventures in Hungarian Maps

The Swabian Turkey is the largest German-speaking enclave in what is now Hungary. After the Ottoman Empire was defeated in the Battle of Mohács in 1687, the Habsburg Monarchy forced the Ottoman Turks from most of the Kingdom of Hungary. Because much of the Pannonian Plain had been depopulated through warfare, the Austrian Habsburgs began to resettle the land with various colonists, including Croats, Slovaks, Serbs and Germans.

Swabian Turkey [Schwäbische Türkei]

Tolna County

The Settlement of Tolna County by the Swabians

The Settlement of Gyönk After the Turkish Occupation (Tolna)

The Town Crier in Gyönk

Györköny:  A Short History

Conflict in Györköny (Tolna)

Závod in the Tolna

Local history and Geography of Závod in Tolna

Bikács, in Tolna County:  A Short History

Bátaszék in the Tolna: A History

Závod in the Tolna - A summary and partial translation of sections of the Heimatbuch: Závod in der Tolna by Anton Mayer. Translated by Henry Fischer, 2008.

Hogyész (Tolna) in the 18th and 19th Century by Josef Hoben

Josef Hoben Index

The Settlement of Swabian Turkey

The Early Colonization of Swabian Turkey - In the "Travel Regulations" the following stipulation was made:  "the previously mentioned Swabians along with their wives and children...are not allowed to step on dry land on their entire journey or try to remain somewhere after passing by the Royal residential city of Vienna but travel on directly to Hungary.

The Settlement Policies at the Time of the Great Swabian Migration At this point in time, the first and earliest phase of the Danube Swabian colonization effort was overwhelmingly focussed on the private estates and domains of the nobles in Hungary and had a rather random and sporadic character.

Claudius Florimundus Count Mercy & the Hogyész Domains By Josef Hoben (18-1900's)

Where Did the Settlers in Hogyész Come From? by Josef Hoben

A Portrait of the Settlement of the Hogyész Domain - The documents associated with the Domains and Estates identifies some special designations like "old homestead", "old village", "older village site", "old meadows," and "old gardens."

The Farm Homestead and Agricultural Pursuits  - At the time of settlement each family received a "Einschreibbüchel" (a regulation booklet) that guaranteed the possessor a house lot, garden and yard as well as a stated amount of land that would be apportioned to him.  

The Structure of the Village - The social structure of a village is not only determined by the social classes represented in its inhabitants but also through familial ties and neighbourly connections. 

The Development of the Hӧgyész Domain in the 18th and 19th Centuries

A Brief Church History in Hӧgyész

Local history and Geography of Závod in Tolna found at the Mutsching/Musci Village site. Excerpts from “Heimatbuch Závod in der Tolnau” by Anton Mayer.

The Republic of Mucsi (1946-1948)

Eve Eckert Koehler, Historian, Author & Daughter of the Danube
Eve E. Koehler was born in Pári, Tolna County, Hungary, emigrating to Canada with her parents in 1927, presently residing in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.  Author of a monograph about the Danube Swabian whereby, The Danube Swabian Alliance of the U.S.A. and Canada chose it as a Bicentennial Project and it was published under their auspices. It is a valuable contribution to the field of literature on ethnicity, the first narrative-history of the Danube Swabians in the English language. Her son, John A. Koehler, created a wonderful map of the German Settlement Areas in Historical Hungary, & how the territory was split up after the Treaty of Peace Between The Allied & Associated Powers & Hungary.

Baranya County

The Inhabitants of Gyönk Settle in Mekenyes 1735

Mágocs a Market Town in Baranya County
by 1730 there were additional German families who had settled in Mágocs

Gerényes in Baranya County 1944-1950 - By Anonymous, presented by Henry Fischer - Experiences of a teen age girl from the village of Gerenyes in Baranya County in Swabian Turkey, who desires to remain anonymous.  Her story is very much like those from the Batshcka & the Banat but with a different twist because it occurred in Hungary. (17 Mar 2009)

Atrocities, Fall of 1944 . . . The vast majority of the German population of Baranya were taken to the camp at Belmonoschtor (Beli Manastir).

Repopulating Hungary with Germans (Focus on the manorial estate of Bóly of Baranya County in Schwäbische Turkei) A review of Karl-Peter Krauss' Deutsche Auswanderer in Ungarn: Ansiedlung in der Herrschaft Bóly im 18. Jahrhundert

Somogy County

The Nordschomodei in Swabian Turkey The term, Nordschomodei, refers to a government district covering the northeast portion of Somogy County.  This area was also known by other designations during the 18th and 19th Centuries:  Schümeger Komitat or Gespanschaft that are based on the medieval Latin Comitatus Simig(h)iensis. 

Heimatbuch der Nordschomodei: Nordschomodei, Heimatbuch und Geschichte einer deutschen Sprachinsel der Schwäbischen Türkei in Ungarn, [homeland book and history of a German-speaking island in Swabian Turkey in Hungary] edited by Anton Tafferner, 1973, München. Provides information on the villages in Somogy County.

Gadács and Szil: The Two Sisters - The history of two of the Danube Swabian villages in Somogy County leading up to the expulsion in 1948 that attempts to provide the historical context and consequences of the Potsdam Declaration as it applied to the Danube Swabians of Hungary after the Second World War and the expulsion of their populations as an example of what happened all over Hungary at that time. - Henry Fischer, 14 Jun 2008

Emigration From Somogy County To Slavonia and the United States
A sociological take on the disproportionate numbers of Swabians who left Somogy at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries and actually provides information on individuals and villages from that area (including my own grandfather). - Henry Fischer, 15 May 2008


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Last Updated: 25 Oct 2020