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Danube Swabian Atrocity Book List
Published at DVHH.org by Jody McKim Pharr, updated 15 Jan 2013]



A Pebble in my Shoe

Author: Katherine Hoeger-Flotz

This book is similar to the Gakowa Memories but much more detailed.  It also contains the story of her husband, George, whose family left their town Bezdan in Oct. 1944 before the camps started.  His story is just as interesting as Katherine's. 


A Terrible Revenge: The Ethnic Cleansing of East European Germans, 1944-1950

Author: Alfred-Maurice de Zayas, Charles M. Barber, Translated by John A. Koehler (into German)

The Ethnic Cleansing of the East European Germans, 1944-1950. The tragedy of the largest ethnic-cleansing event in history. Heimat Publishers, Frank Schmidt.

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillian; Date Published: May 2006
ISBN: 978-0312121594


Allein die Hoffnung hielt uns am Leben
(Only Hope, kept us alive)

Author: Olga Katharina Farca

Published in 1999, by Farca Verlag, ISBN 3-9803759-2-7. Cover: Die Verschleppung 1945 by Stefan Jäger.

A moving book to one of the largest tragedies in the history of the Germans from South-east Europe.  Here facts are published, as they did not appear so far yet in book form. In the first part Hedwig Stieber Ackermann describes the sufferings she experienced by the Deportation into the Soviet Union. In the second part, a photo & a text documentation during the Deportation into the Soviet Union & camp lives from 1945 to 1949 of Olga Katharina Farca. Many human fates are reminiscent also here. In few words the survivors tried to describe, which they went through in this terrible time.

This book is dedicated to all the women & girls, who rest in peace, somewhere in the Russian soil, buried without a coffin & without a cross.

No gravestone, & no monument carry their names. They are forgotten & only live in the memory of their surviving, suffering companions.  They were not registered, like the soldiers, & carried no identity card, they were nameless work-animals. 

The Appointment: a novel

Rowohlt Verlag GMBH. Reinbek bei Hamburg, 1997
Translation by Michael Hulse & Philip Boehm
Copyright 2001 by Metropolitan Books 2001

Language: English; the translation of the book "Heute wär ich mir lieber nicht begegnet" as been subsidized by Inter Nationes, Bonn.
ISBN: 0-312-42054-4
Reprint; 224 pages
ISBN-13: 9780312420543

Publisher's Note : In an intense novel set against the backdrop of Ceausescu's totalitarian regime, a young Romanian factory worker--so desperate to escape the betrayal and hardships of her life that she sews notes offering marriage into the linings of suits bound for Italy --is summoned for interrogation by members of the regime. Reprint.


Barefoot in the Rubble

Author: Elizabeth B. Walter

Ethnic Cleansing Post WWII. A Story of Courage.  The author's remembrances during life in her home village of Karlsdorf and later Rudolfsgnad, her family's life under the Partisans, and later trying to rebuild their lives in a bombed out Germany.

Between Hitler & Tito - Disappearance of the Ethnic Germans from the Vojvodina

Author: Dr. Zoran Janjetovic, w/Institute For Recent History of Serbia

This book deals with the disappearance of the Ethnic Germans from the Vojvodina as viewed from a professional perspective of a Serbian historian. Of special interest, this book includes a more extensive discussion regarding the diplomatic issues relating to the disposition of the German population in Yugoslavia after the Second World War.

Purchase book via: Public Affairs Office, University of Mary, 7500 University Drive, Bismarck, ND 58504. It is $25 and will be sent to you from Belgrade (4-6 weeks).

Blessed as a Survivor: Memories of a Childhood in War and Peace

Author: Elizabeth M. Wilms

While Elizabeth Wilms was very young, during World War II, her father was a prisoner of war, and her mother was serving as a slave laborer in the Soviet Union. She and her brother were placed in liquidation camps in Yugoslavia. But her family was blessed; they survived to meet again and later immigrated to the United States. In Blessed as a Survivor, she recounts her life story before and after World War II. Six-year-old Elizabeth was an ethnic German (Danube Swabian) living in the former Yugoslavia when, in the autumn of 1944, the victorious Russian army first arrived, followed by Tito s communist partisans, who treated them to a horrific reign of terror. In spring of 1945, Elizabeth and her family were expelled from their home and placed in several different detention camps, where they were exposed to sickness, fear, terror, and starvation. They saw death everywhere. She and her brother experienced long years of separation from their parents and grandparents. They narrowly escaped being placed in a Serbian orphanage. Despite her lost childhood and dealing with many hardships that forced her to grow up quickly, she did not dwell on the past but instead moved forward. After arriving in the United States, she attended college and became a teacher the beginning of a new life. Blessed as a Survivor shares a story of hope and forgiveness that seeks to offer comfort and inspire other people who are struggling and who feel very alone.

Borne on the Danube

Author: Ruth Elizabeth Melcher

Borne on the Danube, about her father’s life as a Danube Swabian growing up in Hungary, his WWII experiences and his immigration to the U.S.  Copies are now available from:  Ruth Melcher, 4624 Bruce Ave., Edina, MN  55424; phone:  952-920-3061.  Cost:  $12.95 plus $3.25 shipping/handling. 
See: The Town Crier by Ruth Melcher 

Bread on My Mother's Table:
A Danube Swabian Remembers"

Author: Ingrid Andor

Ingrid's mother's family was from Kruschiwl, Yugoslavia in the Batschka. A Danube Swabian Remembers examines the effects of the hidden genocide that occurred at the end of World War II in which a family of ethnic Germans in Yugoslavia was condemned to be victims of expulsion, ethnic cleansing, and forced labor in concentration camps at the hands of Russian and partisan soldiers.

Publisher: iUniverse, Incorporated, Pub. Jan 2008; 192pp.

ISBN 10 : 0-595-46672-9
ISBN 13 : 978-0595-46672-6
ISBN # : 978-0595-9067-4 (e-book)


Casualty of War: A Childhood Remembered

Author: Luisa Lang Owen,

Published 2002 by Texas A&M University Press (first published November 2002) Hardcover, 328 pages
ISBN 1585442127 (ISBN13: 9781585442126)
English, original title: Casualty of War: A Childhood Remembered (Eastern European Studies, 18)Video: http://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/178310-1

Not all casualties of war die on the battlefield. In the wake of World War II, Yugoslavia purged its territory of the ethnic Germans who had formed a part of its human mosaic. Tarred with their ethnic origins and the conscription of their fighting-age men into the Waffen SS, the Volksdeutsche, as these settlers were called, were rounded up at the war's end and herded into concentration camps. Those who were not murdered or did not die from the harsh conditions were expelled from the village homes their families had known and loved for three hundred years. Nine years old when she entered the concentration camp in 1945, author Luisa Lang Owen survived the persecution of the Danube Swabians, eventually finding herself in America,

where she made a new life for herself, a life that nonetheless held within it the memories and lessons of the atrocities she had experienced in her homeland. Like thousands of other Germans in the Danube Valley at the end of the war, Luisa and her family were chased from their home, lodged in a sheep stall, and resettled in camps with other Germans from her village. Shorn of their possessions, given little food or fuel, pressed into hard labor, beaten by guards, and separated from their families, many despaired and many died. Luisa barely survived as others succumbed to malnutrition, disease, and exposure. Her haunting memoir provides a window into the ethnic cleansing that preceded the recent exterminations in Bosnia and Kosovo by fifty years—an episode of horrors that has not appeared as even a footnote in descriptions of the more recent atrocities practiced in that region. Her testament, as a casualty of war, bears historic witness and gives insight into the personal experiences of ethnic cleansing. It stands as witness to a massive crime that has been conveniently forgotten, a corrective to a bit of neglect that did away with its victims as a people, and a personal depiction of what ethnic cleansing is really about. The problem was not just that they did not want us to have or to be,” Luisa Lang Owen writes, they wanted us not to have been.”


Der Krieg hat uns geprägt
Wie Kinder den Zweiten Weltkrieg erlebten - BAND 1 & 2

Author: Margarete Dörr

Publishers Notes: The generation of war children - these are the 1930 to 1945 births. They went through the horrors of war and the burden of war with bombs, flight, displacement, hunger and the loss of loved ones. After the war, she helped organize the survival and contributed to the reconstruction. Their voices have been long ignored.

For their documentation of the child's experiences in the war Margaret Dorr has collected more than 500 life stories in oral and written form. There are also diaries, letters, photos and other personal documents.


 In 22 chapters, it represents the many aspects of children's lives in and represents the Second World War in their own words interprets this and comments on the stories in the context of historical events. The horrors of war are just as important as the National Socialist education, the crimes of the regime and the transition to a new dictatorship in the Soviet-occupied zone. First time, the Danube Swabian and German-Russian children come into view. At the end reflect the former war children how war has shaped their lives and their world view. The book is a contribution to understanding not only the generation that comes here to speak. It also becomes clear what their imprint on the cultural and political reality of our country today.

Language: German. Hardcover: 1085 pages. Publisher: Campus Verlag, Frankfurt / New York, 2007
3,593,384,477 / ISBN-13: 978-3593384474


Es War Einmal -
The Yesteryears of the Danube Swabians

Author: Sister Mary Agnes Theiszmann Pitzer

A historical novel, in English. 269 pp. including 24 black/white photos by renowned Danube Swabian painter Stefan Jäger. I-SBN 0-9699880-0-1 National Library.  © Heimat Publishers, Frank Schmidt

Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe Twentieth Century Europe
Edited by Steven Bela Vardy and T. Hunt Tooley

© East European Monographs Series (April 23, 2003). Boulder: Columbia University Press, 2003. xiv + 861 pp. Maps, notes, tables, documents, some individual bibliographies. ISBN 0-8803-3995-0. 

The book is based on a conference Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe held on the campus of Duquesne University, in Pittsburgh, Nov. 16-18, 2000, and organized and by Professors Steven Béla Várdy, Duquesne University and T. Hunt Tooley, Austin College. Print publication by editors Várdy, Tooley and associate editor, Agnes Huszár Várdy; foreword, Otto von Habsburg.

Publisher: East European Monographs (April 23, 2003)
Hardcover: 870 pages; ISBN-10: 0880339950 ISBN-13: 978-0880339957

This volume is the result of the conference on Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth Century Europe held at Duquesne University in November 2000. The conference brought together sixty scholars, primarily historians but also

specialists in other fields, as well as survivors of ethnic cleansing from seven different countries who presented forty-eight papers. The volume encompasses a rich array of case studies, behaviors, origins and patterns, addressing such topics as "redrawing the ethnic map" in North America from 1536 to 1946, the twentieth century's first genocide (Armenia 1915-16), ethnic cleansing in World War II and its aftermath, or recent developments in Kosovo.

Contributing Authors:  Agnes Huszar Vardy; Alexander V. Prusin; Alfred de Zayas; Ambassador Géza Jeszenszky; Andreas Roland Wesserle; Andrew Ludanyi; Ben Lieberman; Brain Glyn Williams; Cathie Carmichael; Charles M. Barber; Christopher Kopper; Dennis P. Hupchick; Edward Chaszar; Eleni Eleftheriou; Elizabeth Morrow Clark; Emil Nagengast; Erich A. Helfert; Frank Buscher; Gabriel S. Pellathy; Gregor Thum; Hermine Hausner; Janos Angi; Janos Mazsu; John Cerone; John R. Schindler; Karl Hausner; Klejda Mulaj; Laszlo Hamos; Lt. Gen. Michael V. Hayden; Martha Kent; N.F. Dreisziger; Nicolae Harsanyi; Otto von Habsburg; Peter Mentzel; Raymond Lohne; Richard Blanke; Richard Dominic Wiggers; Robert H. Whealey; Rubert Barta; Scott Brunstetter; Stefan Wolff; Steven Béla Vardy and Hunt Tooley; T. Hunt Tooley; Tamas Stark; Tomasz Kamusella; Victor Roudometof


Ulrich Merten

Forgotten Voices: The Expulsion of the Germans from Eastern Europe After World War II 

Author: Ulrich Merten

Publisher: Transaction Pub, Mar 2012; Hardcover,  336 pages. ISBN-13: 9781412843027 / ISBN-10: 1412843022.  www.transactionpub.com

"At war’s end, however, innocent German civilians in turn became victims of crimes against humanity. Forgotten Voices lets these victims of ethnic cleansing tell their story in their own words, so that they and what they endured are not forgotten. This volume is an important supplement to the voices of victims of totalitarianism and has been written in order to keep the historical record clear.

The root cause of this tragedy was ultimately the Nazi German regime. As a leading German historian, Hans-Ulrich Wehler has noted, "Germany should avoid creating a cult of victimization, and thus forgetting Auschwitz and the mass killing of Russians." Ulrich Merten argues that applying collective punishment to an entire people is a crime against humanity. He concludes that this should also be recognized as a European catastrophe, not only a German one, because of its magnitude and the broad violation of human rights that occurred on European soil."

Ulrich Merten was born in Berlin, Germany, and came to the United States as a small child before the Second World War. He was a senior executive of Bank of America, working almost exclusively in Latin America and the Caribbean. Currently, he is vice president and treasurer of a non-governmental organization involved in democracy building in Cuba.


From Franzfeld to Mansfield
A Journey Through Tito’s Death Camps

Author: Edna Schuster Becker

Publisher: Outskirts Press (June 16, 2010); Language: English; Paperback: 200 pages; ISBN-10: 1432749129 / ISBN-13: 978-1432749125

This memoir conveys the journey of ethnic Germans living in an area that had changed to a non-German nationality after WWI in southeastern Europe. The towns existed because during the Austria-Hungary reign, people were asked to resettle there from northern areas of that empire. The author tells the story of her life that began in a town called Franzfeld, not too far from Belgrade. The town now is called Kacareva.

During and after WWII, the village was occupied by the German Army, then the Russian Army and ended up under Tito's regime. The men were away in the war. This town, along with other German towns, was drastically changed after the Russians came through in 1944. The Russians took men and unmarried women with them to rebuild their war-torn country. These workers lived in camps with little food and had to perform hard labor.

When Tito came to power, the Germans were stripped of all their rights. In 1945 all Germans were forced into concentration camps, many of them known as death camps.

The author and most of her family survived, and because of her mother's courage, escaped to Austria in 1947. After re-uniting with her father, it took the family five more years to find a permanent home in America.



GENOCIDE of the Ethnic Germans in Yugoslavia 1944-1948

Foreword by Alfred de Zayas

Published by Danube Swabian Association of the U.S.A., Inc., Santa Ana, California USA. Licensed by the Donauschwabische Kulturstiftung - Munchen, Germany. Copyright 2001 by Danube Swabian Association of the U.S.A. Printed by Award Printing Corp., Chicago, IL.

ISBN: 0-9710341-0-9

To purchase book contact Peter Erhardt. The book is $10.00 plus $5.00 for shipping. Well worth the money!

GENOCIDE Of The Ethnic Germans In Yugoslavia 1944-1948

Author: Documentation Project Committee: Herbert Prokle, Georg Wildmann, Karl Weber, Hans Sonnleitner

Publisher: Donauschwäbischen Kulturstiftung, München 2003, European English-Language Edition; ISBN: 3926276479, 224 pages.

The English edition of "Crimes Against the Germans in Yugoslavia 1944-1948" was published in 2003 under the title Genocide of the Ethnic Germans in Yugoslavia 1944-1948. Why is the crime of genocide, the international lawyer Dieter Blumenwitz (1939-2005) in his "legal opinion on the crimes against the Germans in Yugoslavia 1944-1948" finds there is documentation here. The book describes some 200 pages comprehensively and clearly the fate of Yugoslavia Germans.

The aim of the English version is to present a global source of information for historians, international lawyers, political scientists and other public figures. She is also thought to help family history for the many descendants of Danube Swabian emigrants in English-speaking countries.

Sections: foreword; Ethnic Germans in Yugoslavia--Historical Summary; Tito-Regime: Executor of the Genocide; The Carnage; Deportation of Laborers to the Soviet Union; Total Expulsion and Transfer to the Camps; Central Civilian Internment and Labor Camps; Liquidation Camps; Crimes Committed Against Children; Suffering and Dying of the German Clergy; Flight From the Camps; Original Size and Disappearance of the Ethnic German Population in Yugoslavia; Documentation of Human Casualties; Facts of the Genocide Committed Against the Ethnic Germans in the Communist Yugoslavia during 1944-1948; Demand for Rehabilitation; Danube Swabian Chronology; Appendix: Pertinent United Nation's Documents; Donauschwabisches Archiv, Munchen.; Maps; 61/2 x 9; 224 pgs.

Images of America
German Chicago
The Danube Swabians and the American Aid Society

Author: Raymond Lohne

ISBN: 0738500208 

Also Author of The Great Chicago Refugee Rescue 



The German Expellees: Victims in War and Peace

Author: Alfred-Maurice De Zayas

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan (June 1993);  Hardcover: 177 pages, Language: English

ISBN-10: 0312090978
ISBN-13: 978-0312090975





In Search of a Warm Room

Author: Anne Jung Holden

An unforgettable story of her family's life as ethnic Germans in pre-WWII Yugoslavia. This story of exile and suffering in Yugoslavia toward the end of World War II attests to the fact that Jews were not the only ethnic group targeted during the war.

Publisher: Warren Publishing (NC) 2002.
ISBN: 1886057834


In the Claws of the Red Dragon
Ten years under Tito’s heel

Author: Gruber, Wendelin

An account of his experiences and observations at the hands of Tito's Partisans in Yugoslavia from 1944-48, regarding the murder of 200,000 Banat Swabian civilians in Serbia.  

Kitchener, Ainsworth Press. 1978. Translated by Frank Schmidt, Heimat Publishers.

ISBN: 0969350406 OCLC: 20995599

The Innocent Must Pay: Memoirs of a Danube German Girl in a Yugoslavian Death Camp 1944-1948

Author: Suzanne Tschurtz (illustrator).

Publisher: University of Mary Press; 2nd edition (1989); Hardcover: 179 pg





Irene's Song

Author: Astrid Julian

Charleville, St Hubert, and Soltur, the three sister villages making up Banatsko Veliko Selo, written in 1943.

Still, it frightened Nanji to think that of all the people in the surrounding villages, only Danitza had the courage to come and visit. She watched Danitza walk down the tree-lined street. The leaves of the young trees had been trimmed into small round balls. As a child Nanji liked to imagine giant poodles living under the village streets. When fall winds blew through Charlevil,

St Hubert, and Soltur, the three sister-villages making up Banatsko Veliko Selo, it looked like the poodles were wagging their tails in anticipation of the good food the harvest would bring.


Janitscharen? Die Kinder Tragödie im Banat / Our Lost Children: Janissaries?

Author: Karl Springenschmid

Translated (additional notes) by John Adam Kohler and Eve Eckert Koehler

Mass kidnapping by Communists of 20,000 children of ethnic Germans from Banat.  Published by Eckartschriften, Vienna, Austria.

Translated from German by John Adam Koehler and Eve Eckert Koehler under the title 'Our Lost Children: Janissaries?' (87 p.). Published in 1980 by the Danube Swabian Association of the U.S.A., Inc.; Milwaukee: Bolk Printing Co. Out of print. Copies may be available from the University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee (where Ms. Koehler worked), through antiquarian sources, or via Inter Library Loan.



Kinder im Schatten

Author: Professor Adelbert K. Gauß

A publication in 1950, the reports included 53 witnesses, led some movement in saving the children. Under pressure from most of the world, especially the International Red Cross and other organizations, the Yugoslav government introduced reluctantly a "repatriation delegation office" in Vienna, where thousands of requests in. poured for missing children, insisting that the original birth certificate would be provided before they would even look at the papers.

One Village from Creation to Destruction

Author: Donna Kremer

Orchard House Press, Mar 30, 2006 - 349 pages. Set in the twentieth century, this is the story of two families over fifty years whose lives intertwine.

ISBN:9781590923214 / 1590923219

An unforgettable story of her family's life as ethnic Germans in pre-WWII Yugoslavia. This story of exile and suffering in Yugoslavia toward the end of World War II attests to the fact that Jews were not the only ethnic group targeted during the war.


Last Waltz on the Danube:
The Ethnic German Genocide in History and Memory 1944-1948

Author: Ali Botein-Furrevig

Publisher: ComteQ Communications, LLC; 10/1/2012.
ISBN-13: 9781935232612

In the aftermath of World War II following the Nazi Holocaust, these German speaking Danube Swabians were perceived as Nazi collaborators and, out of retaliation for war crimes they didn't commit, became Hitler's last victims, targets of Tito’s barbarous genocide that resulted in the extermination and murder of some two million innocent men, women, and children and the displacement of another fifteen million. The historical narrative is enhanced by the remarkable testimony of survivor Katharina Karl, a young girl separated from her family during the carnage, hidden, and then placed in inhumane work camps. (Source: Publisher) www.comteqpublishing.com/book_detail.php?98


Leidensweg der Deutschen im kommunistischen Jugoslawien 1944-1948

Die Donauschwäbischen Kulturstiftung, München, erarbeitete mit ihrem Arbeitskreis Dokumentation im Bundesverband der Landsmannschaft der Donauschwaben aus Jugoslawien, Sindelfingen die vierbändige, 4066 Druckseiten starke Reihe Leidensweg der Deutschen im kommunistischen Jugoslawien 1944-1948.

  • Band I: Ortsberichte, 1991 erschienen, schildert die Schicksale der Orte mit deutschen Bewohnern;
  • Band II: Erlebnisberichte, erschienen 1993, bringt die Berichte von Personen der Erlebnisgeneration;
  • Band III: Erschießungen "Vernichtungslager" Kinderschicksale, erschienen 1995, gibt eine Aufschlüsselung der politischen Hintergründe und versucht erstmals eine systematische Darstellung der Verfolgung, insbesondere der Erschießungsvorgänge, der Vernichtungslager und Kinderschicksale;
  • Band IV: Menschenverluste Namen und Zahlen, erschienen 1993, dokumentiert die Menschenverluste der Donauschwaben aus dem vormaligen Jugoslawien mit rund 60.000 Namen, auf Orte aufgeschlüsselt, und in ganzheitlichen Statistiken, darunter die Namen von 40.000 der rund 60.00 zivilen Opfer.

Die vier Bände erschienen im Verlag der Donauschwäbischen Kulturstiftung, München. Sie umfassen jeweils rund 1000 Druckseiten. Preis: 25,- Euro pro Band. Die vom Universitas-Verlag München herausgebrachte inhaltsgleiche Lizenzausgabe der drei ersten Bände läuft unter dem Titel: Weißbuch der Deutschen aus Jugoslawien. Mehr über die Donauschwäbische Kulturstiftung und deren Veröffentlichungen können Sie auf deren Seite im Internet unter [www.kulturstiftung.donauschwaben.net/] und dort unter dem Menüpunkt "Publikationen" lesen. Verlag der Donauschwäbischen Kulturstiftung, München Preis: 25,- Euro pro Band zu beziehen über die Donauschwäbische Kulturstiftung deren Seite im Internet unter [kulturstiftung‎@‎donauschwaben.net]


My journey from the Banat to Canada

Author: Nick Tullius

The author describes life in a Banat-Swabian village during and after WW II. As a boy he witnessed the mobilization of his father into the German army. After the war, the Romania-Germans were disenfranchised, dispossessed and deported. His mother died at a forced labour camp in the USSR, while his father ended up in Canada. The book also deals with his migration to join his father and his integration into the new environment. [More]

Book review by Jody McKim Pharr

Publisher: Author House 2011. 204 pages. Language: English & Deutsch. Hardcover, paperback & kindle.
ISBN-10: 1463418353;
ISBN-13: 978-1463418359.


Nemesis at Potsdam: The Anglo-Americans and the Expulsion of the Germans

Author: Alfred de Zayas

The complete story of the expulsion and spoliation of the Germans from most of central and eastern Europe, a process which over two million did not survive. How the extraordinary event came about, the role played by the US and Britain in authorizing the transfer, and if necessary for peace in Europe is all covered in this revised edition. A classic and brilliant study, author of THE WEHRMACHT WAR CRIMES BUREAU in Das Heer. 320 pp.

Authors: Alfred M.De Zayas
Publisher: Routledge & Kegan Paul Books; Published: 1979-11
Pages: 296, Language: English
ISBN-10: 0710004109
ISBN-13: 9780710004109
Binding: Paperback (2nd Revised edition)


Orderly and Humane
The Expulsion of the Germans after the Second World War

Author: R. M. Douglas

Jun 26, 2012
504 p., 12 b/w illus. + 1 map
ISBN: 9780300166606 - See more at: http://yalepress.yale.edu/yupbooks/book.asp?isbn=9780300166606#sthash.GdW68eYi.dpuf

Immediately after the Second World War, the victorious Allies authorized and helped to carry out the forced relocation of German speakers from their homes across central and southern Europe to Germany. The numbers were almost unimaginable—between 12,000,000 and 14,000,000 civilians, most of them women and children—and the losses horrifying—at least 500,000 people, and perhaps many more, died while detained in former concentration camps, while locked in trains en route, or after arriving in Germany exhausted, malnourished, and homeless. This book is the first in any language to tell the full story of this immense man-made catastrophe.

See more at:


Profile of an Americanized Danube Swabian Ethnically Cleansed under Tito

Author: Jacob Steigerwald

See: Reviews


Redrawing Nations: Ethnic Cleansing in East-Central Europe, 1944-1948

Edited by Philipp Ther and Ana Siljak. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc: 2001. December 2001 0742510948 978-0742510944

After World War II, some 12 million Germans, 3 million Poles and Ukrainians, and tens of thousands of Hungarians were expelled from their homes and forced to migrate to their supposed countries of origin. Using freshly available materials from Polish, Ukrainian, Russian, Czechoslovak, German, British, and American archives, the contributors to this book provide a sweeping, detailed account of the turmoil caused by the huge wave of forced migration during the nascent Cold War. The book also documents the deep and lasting political, social, and economic consequences of this traumatic time, raising difficult questions about the effect of forced migration on postwar reconstruction, the rise of Communism, and the growing tensions between Western Europe and the Eastern bloc. Those interested in European Cold-War history will find this book indispensable for understanding the profound--but hitherto little known--upheavals caused by the massive ethnic cleansing that took place from 1944 to 1948.



Seven Susannahs: daughters of the Danube

Author: Eve Eckert Koehler

Published by the Danube Swabian Societies of the United States and Canada to commemorate America's Bicentennial, January 1976, Unknown Binding, 86 pgs. Printed by Schmidt Bros. Printing Co., Inc., Milwaukee, WI.

Library of Congress Catalog Number: 76-358978

85 Pages, soft cover. B&W photos, other illustrations, music scores, bibliography, map printed inside covers. The author, born in Tolna County, Hungary, emigrated to Canada as a child in 1927 and at time of writing lived in Milwaukee, WI. From description: “When her children asked, ‘What are we? German, Hungarian, Yugoslavian, or what?” she wrote this book in response about Swabian heritage, “the first narrative history of the Danube Swabians in English. The story begins at the source of the Danube and takes us across 1,800 miles to the mouth in Romania and Russia,” based around interviews with several women of the variation Susanna of Swabian heritage.


The Innocent Must Pay, Memoirs of a Danube German Girl in a Yugoslavian Death Camp 1944 - 1948

Author:  Maria Horwath Tenz

Publisher: University of Mary Press; 2nd edition, the English version was published in 1991. Hardcover: 179 pages. ASIN: B00072DLXO

This book is an English translation of "Vier Jahre Meines Lebens: Als Maedchen im Hungerlager Rudolfsgnad" by Maria Horwath. It is the experiences of a 14-year old Banat girl in the infamous Rudolfsgnad starvation camp. It illustrates the sense of responsibility as part of the culture of even relatively Banat children even under extremely adverse circumstances. The book is nicely illustrated by the Donauschwab artist, Susanna Tschurtz.

The memoirs of a teenage girl caught up in the cruelty and barbarism which raged throughout Europe during and after World War II and her experience in the Rudolfsgnad prison camp in Yugoslavia, 179 pgs.  Mrs. Tenz passed away February, 2007. 

It was originally published in 1987 under the title, VIER JAHRE MEINES LEBENS, ALS MÄDCHEN IM HUNGERLAGER RUDOLSFGNAD, Lizenzausgabe mit Genehmigung des Eugen-Verlas, München/Bayern.  In 1988-89 this book was revised and translated with the assistance of her son, Mr. Helmut Tenz, and the Danube Swabian Association, USA, Inc., and the Danube Swabian Foundation USA, Inc. and other associates. 


Tränen statt Brot 1944-1948

Author: Filip, Wilma

(E: Tears instead of bread, 1944-1948)

It happened in Kikinda, Yugoslavia, in November 1944. There and in many other places in Yugoslavia all the people who contributed a German name, have been deprived of their freedom, disenfranchised, driven from house and home, liquidated, interned in camps, where they died in their thousands to March 1948. These events reported Wilma Filip.
1944-1948 in Serbian Banat 235 S. m. v. Abbildungen, Paperback.
235 Pages. Language: Deutsch

Publisher: Hess, Bad Schussenried; Auflage: 1 (1. Mai 2002)

ISBN-10: 3873361647 / ISBN-13: 978-3873361645



Völkermord der Tito-Partisanen 1944-1948
Die Vernichtung der altösterreichischen deutschen Volksgruppe in Jugoslawien und die Massaker an Kroaten und Slowenen

(Genocide of the Tito partisans 1944-1948: The Destruction of the old Austrian German minority in Yugoslavia and the massacre of Kroaten und Slowenen)

Walter Neuner (Foreword), Ingomar Pust (Foreword), Graz Austrian Historical Association f. Kärnten u. Steiermark (Editor)

Österreichische Historiker-Arbeitsgemeinschaft Für Kärnten und Steiermark (Austrian Historian Working Group for Kärnten & Steiermark)

Hardcover; 368 pages; Language: Deutsch; Publisher: Hartmann, Oswald; Auflage: 2. korr. u. erw. Ausg. (1. Januar 1992)

ISBN-10: 3925921184 / ISBN-13: 978-3925921186

Three chapters translated by Henry Fischer & published at DVHH.org.


Valley of the Shadow: After the Turmoil, My Heart Cries No More

Author: Erich Anton Helfert and Donald S. Ellis

Publisher: Creative Arts Book Company; First edition (February 1, 1997)
Hardcover: 372 pages. Language: English
ISBN-10: 0887391176 ISBN-13: 978-0887391170
A fourteen-year-old boy witnesses the upheavals, tragedies and displacement sweeping central Europe right after World War II. The action centers on the Sudetenland, where the native German-speaking population was uprooted and forced into exile by the Czech government at the end of the war. The Sudetenland, a former province of Austria which had been given to newly formed Czechoslovakia by the Allies at the end of World War I, was annexed in 1938 to Germany by Hitler before he occupied all of Czechoslovakia. The territory was returned to Czechoslovakia by the victorious Allies in May 1945. Sudden mass expulsions of the native German-speaking population by the new Czechoslovak government began soon after. From occupation by the Russians to dispossession and displacement by a new Czech government, and the tragic loss of his father and older brother, Dr. Helfert relays the history of his family and country during the tumultuous years just after World War II.

Arbeitskreis Dokumentation (Documentation Working Group)

Verbrechen an den Deutschen in Jugoslawien 1944-1948

Die Stationen eines Volkermords
(The stations of a Volker murder.)

Author: Georg Wildmann
Co-Authors: Hans Sonnleitner and Karl Weber
With the participation of: Leopold Barwich, Michael Eisele, Oskar Feldtänzer, Egon Hellermann, Ernst Jäger, Ernst Lung, Josef Pertschi, Georg & Käthe Tscherny .

Publisher: Verlag der Donauschwäbischen Kulturstiftung, München, 1998 (Donauschwäbische Cultural Foundation)

ISBN 10: 3926276320 / ISBN 13: 9783926276322


The Whip: My Homecoming

Author: Traudie Muller Wlossak, as told to Margaret Farnan

Publisher: National Library of Australia / Golden leaf Publishing: Red Hill, Australia.

Date Published: 1982, P. 78

ISBN: 0949715-00X



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