History of the Batschka
by Dr. Viktor Pratscher
From Dr. Viktor Pratscher's book "The Germans of the
Community of Feketic / Feketitsch"
Translated by Brad Schwebler
Published at DVHH.org 2004 by Jody McKim Pharr
area of the Batschka was a fresh-water lake in prehistoric
times, as geologists have proven. This lake evaporated very
slowly. The oldest known sites of inhabitants are from the
5th Century B.C.
3rd Century B.C. the world conquering power of the Roman
Empire reached across to this region and the Romans found
the nomadic people of the Jazigen between the Danube and the
Thiess Rivers. They moored here on the left shore of the
Danube around their marvelous province: Pannonien (present
day Baranya and beyond that the Danube) and Syrmien. The
so-called Roman entrenchments came from that time.
4th Century A.D. the migration of people took place which
pushed people farther west, or subjugated it. The German
known as the Goths, who we can thank for our writing, shook
the power of the great Roman Empire. These people lived in
the Batschka and the greatest part of our fatherland to the
Adriatic and Italy. The city of Belgrade, Nisch, etc. had
already been settled by the Goths.
following century our homeland was ruled by Huns. The
empire of the Huns, at its prime here in the year 450 A.D.,
got rid of the decaying empire of the Romans. The rich
culture of the place where the Romans first stood fell into
ruins because the people from the moral swamp in which it
found itself could not get out of it.
authority of the Huns did not last long. Then came the
Germanic people of Gepiden (500 A.D.). Around the year 800
A.D. the Slavs appeared. After them the Magyars
(Hungarians) (896 A.D.) expelled or subjugated the people
they found here.
already stood along the Danube and Theiss Rivers in ancient
times, but only very slowly did life come to the interior of
the Batschka. Around the year 1500 the Turkish invasion
began. After the Turks had conquered the whole Balkan
Peninsula they invaded here and inhabited our region for
almost 200 years, plundering and devastating everything.
year 1590 there were recorded 37 Christian inhabitants in
Sekitsch, 36 in Vrbas, and 12 in Schowe. Prince Eugene, the
noble knight, with a German army was finally able to drive
the Turks away with the great victory at Senta on 11
September 1697. Swabians in Prince Eugene's army helped to
expel the enemy who inhabited this land. Individuals who
valiantly took up the German sword already made themselves
residents here at that time, as they received their
discharge from the military.
wasted land the Serbs and Bunjevacen settled. The Serbs
feared the vindictiveness of the Turks after their failed
rebellion. They came under the leadership of their
patriarch from Pecs in 1690, 35,000 families strong, over
the Sava and the Danube and a greater part ended up in the
Batschka below. Maria Theresia was the first German
settlement (1740-1780). At that time the German-Catholic
villages flourished. Not everything in this wasted land had
yet become populated, so Emperor Josef II determined between
1780 and 1790 to have the ownerless German subjects of the
crown from the 'Empire" populate this area regardless of