The city of
(German), Satu Mare (Romanian),
Szatmárnémeti (Hungarian) and the
Komitat (county) of the same name are located in the northwest corner of Romania, close to the border with Hungary and close to the Ukraine.
Károly family, solicited catholic
Carei Mare; Hungarian:
10,000 ethic Germans (called
Schwaben in German) lived
in the Komitat around 1800. The
region became part of Romania by the Treaty of
Trianon (1919). The Romanian census
of 1920 counted 47,000 ethnic Germans in the
region. Due to assimilation efforts supported by the Catholic
Church, by 1930 their number had been reduced to 31,000 persons,
with only 22,000 declaring themselves as German-speaking.
Swabians were not subjected to displacement after World
War II, but some 3,000 fled to the West in 1944, and about 6,000
were deported to the Soviet Union for forced labor. Many
Swabians emigrated to western
countries, especially to Germany, in the 1950s to 1990s.
Swabians are considered part of the larger group of
in German). In Germany, they are represented by the
(Homeland Community of Sathmar
Swabians). Those remaining in
Romania are represented, along with other German-speaking
groups, by the Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania (DFDR).
. . .
28 Sep 2012