Central Civilian Internment and Labor
Milchhalle at Gross-Kikinda/Kikinda
- Already by the middle of October 1944, immediately after the take-over
by the Russians and partisans, it became a torture and murder camp for over
1,000 defenseless civilians. Subsequently, it was the central camp for the
northern part of the Banat until the end of 1946.
Alte Mühle at Gross-Betschkerek/Zrenjanin - It was
probably the most gruesome execution camp for the Germans during the bloody
autumn 1944 and then used as a central camp until May 1947.
Stoikowitch-Telep at Werschetz/Vrsac
- The town Werschetz, in the South-Banat was also notorious for the murders committed there. After
the killing-orgies of the "bloody autumn 1944" came to an end, it served as a central camp.
Stockhaus at Weisskirchen/Bela Crkva
- This building too, was used for the torture and executions of hundreds of victims before it was
transformed into a Southeast central camp of the Banat.
Schuschara/Susara - On December
24, 1944, the whole village was declared a central camp for the German civilians of the surrounding
area. For a time, children, old and ill civilians were housed there as well. It existed until spring
Karlsdorf/Banatski Karlovac -
Established April 27, 1945; it also contained children and old people until October 1945, when they
were transferred to the liquidation camp Rudolfsgnad. At Karlsdorf 1,000 occupants, including 400
documented by name, died of starvation.
Fischplatz at Pantschowa/Pancevo
- This camp was established November 1944 and dissolved February 22, 1948. The conditions in the
overcrowded barracks were horrible and led to diseases and epidemics. The commander, a cruel female
named Radojka, indulged in torturing the defenseless victims.
- November 1944 - early 1948. This camp contained, among many others, several thousand inhabitants
of the city of Pantschowa, unable to work, until October 1945, when they were shipped to the
liquidation camp Rudolfsgnad.
Seidenfabrik at Kubin/Kovin -
Towards the end of 1944, after termination of the murderous "Aktion Intelligenzija," this silk
spinning mill was made into the central camp for the surrounding communities. It contained about 600
Mramorak - By the end of April
1945, all those inhabitants of Mramorak not yet interned, were put into several houses, together
with children, ill and old people from the surrounding area. Beginning November 1945, they were all
shipped to the liquidation camp Rudolfsgnad.
In the Yugoslavian
Children's camp in
Sick Patient Camps in Banat:
Banatski Karlovac (Karlsdorf)
Ravni Topolovac, vorh.Banatski Topoloyac (Kathreinfeld;
Zitiste, vorh. Begejski Sveti Djuradj (St.Georgen)
True Stories . . .
Genocide, Horror & Survival by John Mueller - A most descriptive first-hand account of a Banater from Mastort who suffered and survived Tito's concentration and extermination camps from 1944 to 1948.
- GENOCIDE of the Ethnic Germans in Yugoslavia
1944-1948. Published by the Danube Swabian Association
of the USA, 2001. ISBN 0-9710341-0-9
- Volume III of the documentation
Leidensweg der Deutschen im
kommunistischen Jugoslawien, 1995; respectively in the Weissbuch der Deutschen aus
Jugoslawien. (The Tragedy of the Ethnic Germans in Yugoslavia).
dvhh.org by Jody
May 12, 2010]