Section III

Neu-Pasua, A Short Homeland Book
By Mathias Huber

Translated by Henry Fischer,
Edited by Rose Vetter


Condition of the Acreage

   The land is divided equally in all three locales in terms of cultivated land, meadows and pasturage.
 
  Alt-Pasua has 4,825 Joch (the amount of land a man can plough with an ox in one day) of cultivated land, 1,547 Joch of meadows, 1,445 Joch of pastureland and household gardens.
 
  Neu-Pasua has 2,090 Joch of cultivated land, 1,343 Joch of meadows, 175 Joch of household gardens.
 
  Woika has 5,047 Joch of cultivated land, 1,405 Joch of meadows, 1,936 Joch of pasture land and 425 Joch of household gardens.  

    The quality of the soil is first class.  The German fertilizes and works his land the best.  The Slav relies on whatever nature provides, does not fertilize and works haphazardly; his acreage is cultivated primarily by sowing two different crops simultaneously; little with wheat but more with oats, barley and maize (corn).  The result, even in good years, does not meet the entire needs of the Slovaks and Slavs; they have to make up for that by selling livestock.  The Germans in comparison produce more than they require for themselves.  The danger of flooding existed only in Woika.  The owners of the land are enlisted Grenzer.  Day labourers, tradesmen and such only have their house and gardens as property.
 
  There are no exemplary businesses or farm operations.  There is seldom a shortage of hay.  Only the Germans and Slovaks bring in a second crop of hay.  The growing of fruit is poorly developed and is intended only for their own use. 
 
Produce and Businesses
 
  There are no vineyards.  There is no lime kiln.  There are no factories except for the silk spinning works of Petrovic in Alt-Pasua that employs 40 to 50 women.  There are distilleries operated by the owners of the vineyards but only for their personal consumption.  Coal mining and the lumber industry do not exist due to the fact that there are no forests. 
 
Livestock Rearing
 
  Only to be found among the Grenzer families.  The Slovaks and Slavs raise small stunted horses without stables.  Germans rear larger and better horses. 
Grenzer raise a good breed of horned cattle.  The Germans and Slovaks milk cows; the Slavs milk sheep.  Pigs are raised to meet their own needs and there are no goats.  Both oxen and horses are used for ploughing and field work.  Only the Germans stable their livestock.
 
  Prices:  one horse costs 30 to 40 Florin (Guilder); one ox 50 to 60 Florin; one cow 30 to 40 Florin; a pair of sheep 8 to 10 Florin; a pair of swine 15 to 20 Florin.  The livestock prices for the Germans are half as much higher. 
 
Trade and Commerce
 
  There are no weekly markets.  In Alt-Pasua there are two trade fairs annually with articles for agricultural and household use.  Commerce in these three locales was centered on meeting the daily needs by the local shopkeepers.  In Alt-Pasua there were three major stores to meet the local needs and those of the surrounding area.  Corn trading took place in all three locales.  The largest store in Alt-Pasua was operated by the merchant, Petrovic.  The exporting of trade goods was by ship on the Danube and Sava Rivers.  The prices varied.  A peck could be purchased for 1 Florin and 36 Kreuzer and sold for 2 Florin and 14 Kreuzer in around 1848. 
 
Trade in Iron
 

  Trade in iron was unimportant and carried on by merchants in the area. 
 
Trade in Horned Cattle
 
  The merchants, Petrovic and Ljubischa, were engaged in this trade and also dealt in fattened cattle, which were primarily delivered to Austria.

[Published at DVHH.org 18 Aug 2009]

Next: Section IV: The Populace; Schools, Houses, Nutrition; Clothing, Women's Clothing; Head Covering; Footwear; Traditions and Customs; Superstitions; Entertainment and Amusements

 

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