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About Syrmia

Syrmien [German], Syrmia / Sirmium [Latin], Szerémség / Szerém [Hungarian], and Srijem [Croatian]; The Romans gave the region the name Syrmia (Srem).  Syrmien is in former Yugoslavia, currently Serbia, between the Sava (Save) & Danube (Donau) Rivers, about 80 km long & 50 km wide.  Most of Syrmia is located in the Srem & South Bačka districts of Serbia's Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. A small part of the region around Novi Beograd, Zemun, & Surčin is a part of Central Serbia. The westernmost part lies in eastern Croatia, in the Vukovar-Srijem county. 

Prehistory of the Region Syrmien / Syrmia (Srem)

     Alexander the Great already watered his horse in the lower Danube 336 years before Christ's birth which at the time was called the Istar.  At the time the Celts lived from the Black Sea to England.  From them came for example the name Danube (Roman name was Danubia), Theiß, Kreisch (Hungarian name is Körös), Drau and Sau (Serbian names are Drava and Sava).  In the year 9 B.C. the Roamns also ruled the land south of the Danube and with it the land around Beschka.  The region from Vienna to Belgrade was called Pannonia at the time.  The land east of the Theiß and north of the Danube was called Dacia.  It corresponded with today's Banat and Transylvania.  Between the Danube and the Theiß Rivers lived the Jzygen during Roman times which the Romans found difficult to rule.  In the Batschka the Romans built the special so-called Roman trenches.  Today these are so deep that a rider can get stuck in them.  The Romans gave our region the name Syrmia (Srem).  [Read more] [Prehistory of the Region Syrmien / Syrmia (Srem) By Peter Lang From the book "History of the Village God Bless Our Home," Beschka Homeland Book. Translated by Brad Schwebler]

The Swabians in Syrmia & Slavonia

Excerpts the book: "Die Deutshen in Syrmien, Slavonien, Kroatien und Bosnien" by Dr. Valentin Oberkersch, translated by Henry A Fischer and submitted by Joseph Esterreicher.

Compared to the emerging settlements in Syrmien, very little development took place in Slavonia. Germans who came from Tolna County Hungary settled Johannesdorf (Jovanovac) in 1836. In 1843 Germans from Veszprem County in Hungary settled Neu Zoljani.  

To a large extent Slavonia remained a wilderness. The Swabian villages of Hungary and Batschka were overcrowded.  The government in Vienna Austria set the stage for a new settlement movement. 

The Regulation and Decree was issued by the Emperor on December 31 1858 and was addressed to Hungary, Croatia, Slavonia, the Serbian Vojvodina, the Banat, and Transylvania with a renewed call for agricultural settlement and development. Some of the regulations included: homes for 50 families or more, all members of the community must be of one nationality regardless of origin, and of one religion.

The results of the new settlement decree was not very successful in Croatia and Slavonia. Only ten German settlements were established in response to it. Three were established in 1866. They were Blagorodovac, Eichendorf-Hrastovac, and Antunovac. The settlers came from Baranya, Tolna, and Somogy Counties in Hungary. In the same year there were settlements established in Sokolovac, Miokovicevo and Dobrovac. Filipovac was settled in 1886. The village of Kerndia was settled in 1880/1881. The last two communities were Kapetanovo Polje in 1882 and Franjevac-Strizicevac in 1886. The land involved was heavily forested wilderness and the main task of the colonist was clearing it.

The Swabians in Syrmia & Slavonia -Excerpts the book: "Die Deutshen in Syrmien, Slavonien, Kroatien und Bosnien" by Dr. Valentin Oberkersch, translated by Henry A Fischer and submitted by Joseph Esterreicher.


Syrmia
Coordinator:
Eve Brown
MI - USA

[Published at DVHH.org by Jody McKim Pharr]

 Last Updated: 17 May 2018

Keeping the Danube Swabian legacy alive

 

 


SYRMIA COORDINATOR

Eve Brown

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Last Updated: 17 May 2018
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