in Banat, founded in 1768


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A Short History of the Village of Bogarosch

[Source: Bogarosch H.O.G.; translated by Diana Lambing]

1494    Bogaros is mentioned for the first time in 1452 and in 1493 in a document of the Diplomatic Department of the Country Archives in Budapest. In 1494 the estate of Bogaros is documented for the first time. The document can be found in the archives of the family of Count Erdödi de Vörösvari. The devastation of the land  by the Turks led to the land becoming a pradium.

1552   Conquest of the Temeschburg fortress by the Turks.

1562    King Ferdinand and the Turkish ruler, Suliman, made peace. The area was given back and forth, was uninhabited, and was later mentioned (in1761) on a German orthographical map in Vienna as ’Bogarosch’.

1716    On October 13th, 1716, the Temesvar fortress was won back from the Turks. A reign of terror came to an end. On November 1st General Count Florimund Mercy became the first Governor of Temesch.

1717     General Mercy receives permission to populate the Banat.

1723    The Mercy map includes the name ’Bogaros’ instead of today’s ’Bogarosch’.

1761     The estate of Bogaros is marked as ’unpopulated’ on the official map.

1769    In the Spring of 1769 the founding of Bogarosch begins by settling families from  the empire through Josef Neumann.

1774    Founding of the parish. Church registers are kept from October onwards. On November 1st, building of the church begins at the expense of Queen Maria Theresia.

1786    The village gets its first notary, Michael Krizsancis.

1794    The first year of famine. The harvest failed as a result of heat and drought.

1804    We cannot establish how many immigrants came to Bogarosch, as they came and  went. However, 1,600 people were counted in the first census in 1804.

1816    A long, bitterly cold winter. The crops grew, but before they were harvested a   flood came from the north (Warjasch) and drowned the fields. The whole cereal        crop was destroyed.

1823    The community bought house number 103 at a cost of 3,080 Gulden, to use as its village hall later.

1830    During January 12th / 13th, so much snow fell that traffic to the neighbouring    villages came to a complete standstill.

1831    On September 4th Bogarosch was struck by the first cholera epidemic.

1836    On September 17th the number of Jews living in the whole country was counted.  There were 17 in Bogarosch. On July 23rd a new epidemic of cholera broke out. 107 out of the 700 sick died.

1848    On August 14ththe Urbarium was dissolved and the farmers became free men. In October, 34 men from Bogarosch and 10 from Uihei were conscripted into the Hungarian army.

1849    On August 13th the Hungarian fight for freedom ended.

1850    Introduction of land taxes throughout Hungary for the farming landowners. They no longer had to pay a levy to their masters.

1852    On January 24th the land tax register for Bogarosch was completed, wherein allfield owners were registered.

1853    On May 29th the foundation stone for the schoolhouse, which still stands today, was laid at the crossing of the Hauptgasse (Main Street) and Schulgasse (SchoolStreet).

1855    The Land Register is introduced by order of Austria. Nothing like this had been available prior to 1848.

1859    On September 30th the construction of the cross-shaped extension to the church began.

1863    Heavy drought; the harvest was destroyed. The great famine moved the authorities to open a soup kitchen.

1869    One hundred years after the colonisation of Bogarosch, the village had 2,760inhabitants of which 2,714 were Roman Catholic,33 Greek-Oriental and 11 Jewish.The Post Office was opened.

1870    The first school library was equipped with 135 books.

1876    The village hall, still standing in 1935, was built in 1876 at a cost of 8,981 Gulden.

1878    The village gets its first resident doctor, Nikolaus Dvontsch.

1880    The tower clock was purchased for 1,210 Gulden from the Mannheim factory.

1890    The great wave of emigration to America began. It grew from year to year and by1935 around 700 Bogaroschers had emigrated. The number of inhabitants was now 3,300 amongst 332 houses.

1894    The first apothecary was set up. The owner was Ludwig Bodway.

1896    The Kindergarten was opened.

1898    The community decided to dig three artesian wells. Work was begun in 1899. Itwas futile. Instead, three deep wells were bored and the fourth was added in 1929.

1904    The telephone exchange was set up.

1905    Founding of the Trade and Business Association with 29 members. The society had 93 members in 1935.

1910    2,651 inhabitants were counted in the census. Bogarosch celebrates the completion of the railway station and the opening of the track between Hatzfeld and Lovrin on October 17th. There are six trains a day. The telegraph station is built in May 1910.

1914     Beginning of World War I. Out of 543 mobilised conscripts, 84 fell in battle or went missing.

1916    At the end of November the bells were taken from the church tower and usedfor the war effort.

1918    Bogarosch was occupied by the Serbs. Annexed to Romania.

1919    On February 19th a census was ordered. The result: 2,373 Germans, 32 Romanians, 26 Hungarians, 1 Serb. In August the Banat fell to Romania.

1923    Agrarian reform.

1924    August 14th, the day on which the war memorial in Bogarosch was unveiled.

 1927    On January 1st all schools and kindergartens became State run.

1928    On November 8th the church parish was founded. On December 19th the new Bauernheim was inaugurated on the plot of house number 2.

1930    2,358 inhabitants of which 2,182 are German, 39 Slovak, 27 Romanian, 20 Hungarian, 3 Serb and 87 are gypsies (total 1,129 men and 1,229 women).

1935    On December 31st teacher Josef Hubert finishes the chronicle of our village of Bogarosch.

1939    Beginning of the Second World War. 44 men joined the German army, 12 joined the Romanian army. Four civilians were killed.

1945    In January over 327 women and men were deported to labour camps in Russia, where 50 died whilst there. March 6th agrarian reform during which most German farmers were dispossessed.

1948    School reform.

1951    Beginning of collectivization of the agricultural economy which ended up with all  farmers joining by 1958.

1965    The start of the evacuation of the Banat Germans which also became noticeable in Bogarosch. The great flood of Banat Germans emigrating to Germany and other parts of the world had begun and there was no turning back.

1989    Around 1,392 Germans now living in Bogarosch and a total of 1,422 of other nationalities. Total: 2,814 people.

1991    The last Germans leave Bogarosch. There are now only about ten German people left in Bogarosch.     


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Diana Lambing, unless otherwise noted.


Village Coordinator:
Diana Lambing

Last updated: 13 Feb 2012