Kruschevlje

Kruschiwel  (German)
Kruschiwl  (German)
Birndorf (German)
Bácskörtés / Bacskortes (Hungarian)
Körtés / Kortes (Hungarian)
Kruschewlje  / Kruschevlje (Other)
Krušovje / Krusovje
Körtvélyes / Kortvelyes
Kruševlje / Krusevlje, Serbia

  • Kruschevlje – Concentration Camp for German-Yugoslavs After World War II. by Therese Herscha (Schmidt) & Ricardo Quinonez.  2007. 114 pp.
  • DVHH Lookups Guide: Gabriele Steger - Kruschiwl (Krusevlje, etc): Familienbuch Kruschiwl, Batschka, 1826(1763)-1943 by Gertrud and Johann Schnaterbeck.
  • Forever Free, story of a Kruschevlje Concentration Camp Survivor by Maria Goodsell nee Stark
Kruschewlje / Kruševlje is a small settlement (hamlet) in Serbia. It is situated in the Sombor municipality, West Bačka District, Vojvodina province. It is mostly populated by Serbs.
 
In Serbian, the village is known as Kruševlje, in German as Kruschiwel or Kruschiwl, and in Hungarian as Körtés or Bácskörtés. There were also some other, less used names such as Kruschewlje, Birndorf (German translation of its original Hungarian name), Krušovje, Körtvélyes, etc.
 
Officially, Kruševlje is not classified as a separate settlement, but as part of the village of Gakovo. It is located near the border with Hungary between Riđica, Stanišić, Gakovo and Rastina.

It is about 2 miles northeast of the neighboring village of Gakovo and about 2,5 miles west of Stanišić. About 5 miles to the north is the village Riđica and the nearest town is Sombor, about 12 miles to the South.

The whole area surrounding Kruševlje is a flat ground, with many swampy meadows, fens, bad-fruitful salt-spring fields. The villagers had some fruitful gardens, corn fields, hemp and wheat fields, vineyards a few miles to the North. The village is about 305 feet (93 meters) above the sea level. There are no hills, woods or rivers.

On October 20, 1944 the partisans came from Stanišić and entered into Kruševlje. The next day, October 21 arrests started. Almost all remaining men were taken prisoners. The whole village became soon a camp and under constant watch guards. The houses were plundered and sacked, all food and live stock was taken away. The entire German population was proclaimed collaborator of the Third Reich and deprived from all their civilian rights and property. Some men and woman were taken prisoners to the labour-camp in Sombor. Others were sent to labour in the fields around Kruševlje. Those who refused to work all day, wanted to go or flee, were beaten or starved to death. Near the village church, two civilians were simply shot, namely Anna Depre, aged 44 and Karl Frantzem, aged 66, just because they wanted to return home. Many old people, who couldn't work, were left to die from hunger and fear. Some of them were: Emilia Bauer, aged 96; Dominik Depre, aged 93; Margareta Matz, aged 89; Franz Depre, aged 85; Melchior Pentz, aged 85; Salomea Wolf, aged 84; Mathias Schauer, aged 82; Rosalia Wolf, aged 81; Margareta Schauer, aged 81; Christine Pentz, aged 82; Franz Jung, aged 81; Margareta Schnatterbeck, aged 79; Melchior Brandäcker, aged 78; Barbara Keil, aged 76; Elisabeth Bergmann, aged 76; Georg Zettel, aged 76; Karl Bihn, aged 75; Heinrich Steinfeld, aged 75; Rosalia Weber, aged 75, etc. On Christmas Day 1944, about 60 young men and women were taken to Siberia to work in Russian mines. The hard work during the winter was bearable, but more difficulties came in the spring of 1945.


 


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