There he married Wlhelmine Holzinger. He intended to pursue the
career of a university lecturer, so he took leave for a year to Germany in
Munich and Leipzig to continue his studies. After his return he was an
habilitated (unpaid) professor, but he continued as a teacher.
In 1908 he was appointed full professor at the University of Transylvania in
Cluj. From 1911 until his death he taught at the Budapest University. Here he
founded together with G. Petz the Germanistische Seminar. BLEYER turned
his scientific work to a considerable extent to the study of German-Hungarian
literary relations. He questioned the importance of the imperial city of Vienna,
published as a hub and facilitator Western cultural influence in Southeast
Europe and inspired many of settlement and cultural history, literary history
and folklore in any work in the series "Német philológi ai dolgozatok“ (works of
German philology) and from 1929 headed by Bleyer the journal "Deutsch-ungarische
His political career
began in 1917
with the release of political culture of the papers Magyarisierungsbestrebungen,
the Hungarian authorities towards the Germans. In other German-Hungarian
personalities, he participated in the battles against the Communist government
of Bela Kuns. After the collapse of the Soviet Republic, he was in the Cabinet
of Prime Minister Stefan Friedrich the Nationality Department, from which he
resigned after hostilities in December 1920. Then he resumed his teaching at the
university again. With all his strength he pushed for the cultural and political
strengthening of the German population of Hungary, after the Treaty of Trianon
and the consequent surrender of territory was still about 500,000 people. For
this purpose in 1921 was one of the founding of the "Sonntagsblattes für das
deutsche Volk in Ungarn" and the "Ungarländischen Deutschen Volksbildungsvereins",
[E:"Sunday chart for the German people in Hungary" and the "National Education
Association Ungarländischen Germans"] which spread rapidly across the country.
After seven years he had about 27,500 members and 180 local groups. He organized
general education lectures in German, built libraries and led by musical events
and costume parties.
Since 1926, Bleyer was a member of the German constituency
Villány member of the Hungarian Parliament since 1901 and thus the first member
Deutschungarn. In his parliamentary speeches, he
pointed to the anti-minority education policy and the Magyansierungstendenzen
the Hungarian state. Through all these activities Bleyer has been the undisputed
leader of the Germans in Hungary, and advocate for equal rights in the Hungarian
State, and its citizens were loyal.
Harro Kieser /
Ref: Pukánszky, Bela
by: Jacob BLEYER.
In: Encyclopaedia of
the border and
Breslau, 1933, pp.
German home pages.
3 (1954), Episode
the life and work of
J. Bleyer concern);
Jakob Bleyer (l
1954, pp. 405-420;
NDB 2; Moser, Hugo
Jakob Bleyer as a
2 (1959), pp.
Hedwig Jakob Bleyer.
A pioneer and
Munich 1960, Schwob,
Anton Jakob Bleyer.
dictionary of the
history of Southeast
Munich 1974, pp.
Bleyer, Jacob, spokesman for the Germans in Hungary, Germanist
(literary historian) *Tscheb / Backa 25th Jan. 1874 -? Bp 05th December 1933,
studied as a collegiate Eötvös bps, 1897 promotion, then Bp and high school
teachers in Sopron, 1903-1904 Fellow in Munich and Leipzig, after returning high
school teacher in bps, in 1905 while a lecturer at the University, 1905 BPER to
1909 Secretary of the teachers' association, in 1908 professor at the University
of Cluj, 1911 to 1919 and from 1921 bps, 1911 correspondence Protective. Member
of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, since 1917 participation in political life
as a champion of minority rights of the Germans in Hungary, 1919-1920 Minister
of National Minorities, 1923 Chairman of the non-state-approved National
Education Association Ungarnländischen Germans (UDV), 1924 2nd Chairman of the
newly established and nationally recognized Ungarnländischen German Adult
Education Association, with 50% of board members (including the Vorstizender
Dr. Gustav Gratz) were determined by the State, in 1921 the founder and editor
of the Sunday Journal, which in 1924 officially became the mouthpiece of the
UDV, but still remained independent, from 1920 Member of the National Assembly, in 1926 the Hungarian Parliament, co-editor of Egyetemes Philologiai Közlöny
(Philological universal indicator), 1926 Honorary Senator and doctor of the
University of Tubingen, 1929-1933 editor of the German-Hungarian home pages. In
his numerous publications, he was anxious to prove that Germany's influence in
the Hungarian literature.
In addition to his extensive scientific work in which
he brought about an intensification of Germanic research, he devoted all his
energies to the achievement of minority protection of the Germans in Hungary and
was therefore - vigorously opposed by nationalist circles - despite its balanced
Source: Who's who?
Hungary's first German lexicon biography of Anton Treszl.
28 Feb 2019