Banat Coordinators:
Nick Tullius & Alex Leeb

 

B A N A T


Remembering Our Danube Swabian Ancestors

                                      Intro/News Village Index History Research Literature Lifestyle Biographies

 

About the Banat Area

The old ("undivided") Banat comprises areas of present-day western Romania, north-eastern Serbia, and southern Hungary, with a total area of 11,013 square miles. It was an Ottoman province from 1552 to 1718, when it became part of Habsburg Austria. Planned colonization by the Habsburg emperors brought large numbers of German settlers from the western regions of the Empire to the Banat. By 1910 there were 388,000 ethnic Germans (locally called Swabians, later Danube Swabians) in the undivided Banat. By the Treaty of Trianon (1920) about two-thirds of the Banat became Romanian; almost a third became Serbian/Yugoslavian; only a small area around Szeget remained within Hungary

The Romanian part is centered around the regional capital of Temeschburg / Temeswar (German) Temesvár (Hungarian), Timisoara, Romania (Official). Other important cities are Arad, Lugosch/Lugos/Lugoj and Reschitz/Resicza/Resita. The area north of the city of Arad, although located north of the river Marosch/Maros/Mures also contained a number Danube-Swabian communities and is, therefore, usually included in studies or articles dealing with the Banat.  Banat is a region in south-eastern Europe, located between the rivers Danube in the south, Theiss / Tisza / Tisa in the west, Marosch /Maros / Mures in the north, & foothills of the Carpathian mountains in the east. [Nick Tullius]

   

3 Counties of Banat - 1778

In 1778, Maria Theresia sacrificed the rule over the hereditary land to the peace in the Empire and let it integrate into the Hungarian association of states. As a result of the inclusion of the Banat into Hungary, its territory was divided in three


Timis county is a county (judeţ) of western Romania, in the historical region Banat, with the county seat at Timisoara. It is the largest county in Romania. The name of the county comes from the river Timiş, known in Roman antiquity as river Tibisis or Tibiscus. Name variants are Timiş (Romanian), Temes (Hungarian), Tamiš (Serbian), Banat Bulgarian: Timiš)

Torontál county was located in the Banat region. It shared borders with the Kingdom of Serbia and the Hungarian counties Szerém, Bács-Bodrog, Csongrád, Csanád, Arad and Temes (the first county was part of Croatia-Slavonia). The river Danube formed its southern border, the river Tisza its western border, and the river Maros its northern border.


News & Latest Site Additions . . .
Last updated: 24 Apr 2014

"My Mother tongue - OUR PEOPLE WRITE SCHWOWISCH - MEMORIES OF MY YOUTH IN THE BANAT": Exams in Temeswar & Village Music in the Homeland by Nick Tullius. The Banater Post published these two short stories written in the schwowisch dialect by Nick about his Banat home village of Schandrhaas.  A reminder of days gone by but still close at heart.  [Published at DVHH.org 20 Apr 2014]
Banater Kalender 2014

The Banater Kalender 2013 is a book-type calendar with 312 pages of text and high-quality photos, on heavy, glossy paper. It is a real high-quality  piece of Banat history, than can be enjoyed  even without reading the German text.

 

Danube Swabian in Bulgaria (A resettlement area)

Din Banat în Canada - Cronica unei călătorii de-o viaţă, Romanian version of Nick Tullius' - "My journey from the Banat to Canada"

Survivor Story: Anni Tissl Turkalak

Revised Section: Atrocities Against the Danube Swabian Starting in 1944

Two postcards that the Romanians created for Hans Dama

    [published at DVHH.org 15 Nov 2012]

Stefan Jäger Wandkalender 2013 (Wall Calendar)
Stefan Jäger - Bilder unserer Heimat
With 13 color prints after paintings by Stefan Jäger. Practically every month, and on this page: our name days.

Order the book from www.banater-schwaben.de or by e-mail to landsmannschaft@banater-schwaben.de  for 10 Euros (8 Euros cost + 2 Euros shipping).

 
     
Johann "Hans" Grimm, long time Banater friend and associate, author of the Neubeschenowa Family Book CD, died on 6 August 2012, at the age of 84th years. [published at DVHH.org 13 Nov 2012]  

     
Banater in Südostrumänien 1951-1956. Sterbefälle im Baragan

Author: Uwe Detemple

1951 decreed the Romanian Interior Ministry to relocate "dangerous elements" of a 25 km wide zone along the border with Yugoslavia. 12,791 families with 40,320 persons were deported to the Baragan level in southeastern Romania. After the abolition of forced stay 1955/56, many families returned to their villages in the border region. In Baragan remained not only their homes and fields, but also their deaths. The comprehensive documentation of all 1000 deaths of Banatern from 121 villages of Banat.

 

     
Notice: As of 17 Jul 2012, DVHH has discontinued its Membership 'Partner' level. The existing Partners will be grandfathered into their prospective regions of research for all time. In the Banat we have:

Families of Barbara Hilderson - BAUER, BIER , DAMM, DIX/TIX, EDELMAYER, EICHERT, ENGELMANN, HAFNER, HEIN/HAIN, HENZEL, JOCHUM, JOST/JOSZT, KULBURG, KUHLBURGER, LAUT, MAIER, MORITZ, OCHSENFELD, PFEIFFER, SCHMIDT, SINGER, STEMPER, TASSINGER, WEBER, WEINHOFER, WELS/WELSCH, WINDENBERGER, WOLZ/WOLCZ from Banat Villages: Alexanderhausen, Arad, Baratzhausen, Billed, Bogarosch, Lenauheim, GrJetscha, GrKikinda, Hodon, Johannisfeld, Knees, Temeschburg: Fabrikstadt, Franzstadt, Warjasch.

Families of Susan Sander - Sander/Szander, Reichert, Schlee, Weisenburger, Steger, Hettman, Schmalpach, Schneider, Freher, Groo, Stolcz, Folcz, Kastner, Haiberger, Umerlin, Lais,Gruber, Lump, Hacker, Wisbar, Neu from Banat Villages: Glogowatz, Neupanat

     
An illustrated narrative about the Kirchweih Fest is now available!

Kirchweih Fest: A Donauschwaben Celebration from Europe to America by Elizabeth (Elsa) Walter

Ordering info . . .

[published at DVHH.org 15 Mar 2012]

 
 

Neue Banater Bücherei by Anton-Peter Petri, 1982-1992 Series Index
[published at DVHH.org 17 Aug 2011]

 

My journey from the Banat to Canada

by Nick Tullius

In the first part of this volume, the author describes life in a Banat-Swabian village during and after the Second World War.  The second part of the book deals with the migration of the author to join his father in Canada, and his integration into the new environment.
[published at DVHH.org 23 Jul 2011, updated 9 Sep 2011]
Review by Hans Gehl | Review by Jody McKim Pharr 

 

     

From Franzfeld to Mansfield
A Journey Through Tito’s Death Camps
by Edna Schuster Becker

  Edna Schuster Becker at the
  2011 Mansfield Treffen
  (Photo by Jody McKim Pharr)
 
     

"Banatska Topola 1945:
Vertreibungsvorgang, nebst Quellentips  für Ahnenforschung"

[BT 1945: Expulsion process, with source tips for ancestral research]

by Jacob Steigerwald, Ph. D., 2011

[published at DVHH.org 01 Apr 2011]

 

     
New Banat Map
Günther Philipp and Hoefer Verlag had developed this Banat Map and kindly contributed it to the DVHH.  Click the image to the right to open into a PDF file.  You may save this map to your computer. 
(Günther Philipp b. Neu-Arad)
[published at DVHH.org 10 Feb 2011, Jody McKim Pharr]
 
     

How that hat got on top of the church
by Nick Tullius [b. Alexanderhausen]
The original version of this article was written in the “schwowische” dialect of Alexanderhausen and published in the biweekly newspaper “Banater Post”, Nr. 23-24, of December 10, 2010. The English translation was done by the author. 
[published at DVHH.org 02 Feb 2011] 

 
     

Threshing machines, steam engines and tractors
by Nick Tullius [b. Alexanderhausen]
The original version of this article was written in the “schwowische” dialect of Alexanderhausen and published in the biweekly newspaper “Banater Post”, Nr. 23-24, of December 10, 2010. The English translation was done by the author. [published at DVHH.org 10 Feb 2011, Jody McKim Pharr] 

   
Städte und Dörfer (Towns and Villages)

Editor: Elke Hoffmann, Peter-Dietmar Leber and Walter Wolf

Contributions to the settlement history of the Germans in the Banat. Series: The Banat and the Banat Swabians, Volume 5, published by the Landsmannschaft der Banater Schwaben, Munich 2011, ISBN 3-9229979-63-7, large format, 670 pages + 1 map, price € 45 - plus shipping costs.

 

 
     

At the Oberon
San Francisco Call, Volume 82, Number 83, 22 August 1897 — THE THEATRE
[Part of the Nicholas Schilzonyi Genealogical Dig]
[published at DVHH.org 06 Jan 2011] 

snip: The boys are under the direction of Schilzonyi Niklas, and have been granted a two years' furlough by the Austrian Government. 

THAT  LITTLE  HUNGARIAN  BAND
San Francisco Call, Volume 82, Number 139, 17 October 1897
[Part of the Nicholas Schilzonyi Genealogical Dig] [published at DVHH.org 06 Jan 2011] 

Detailed article about the daily routine and lives of the Schilzonyi young band members.  One of the most entertaining articles I have read in a long time.  A must read.

snip: It may be a shock to some folks to know the little Knabens are all wine-drinkers, but in Hungary people would le equally shocked to hear that they had developed into tea-drinkers, should such a thing come about.

snip: When only 10 years of age he directed a band in the Billed school and three years later, when Kaiser Franz Josef visited the school the genius of Niklas Schilzonyi attracted the attention, and a few weeks later Mr. Schilzonyi was ordered to Siedenburg to take the directorship of the Staats Kapelle.

MEDALS FOR THE MIDGETS
San Francisco Call, Volume 82, Number 161, 8 November 1897
[Part of the Nicholas Schilzonyi Genealogical Dig]
[published at DVHH.org 06 Jan 2011] 

snip: It was in honor of this record that he presented each of the lads with a silver medal, and to Nicklas Schilzony, director, and to M. Nussbaumer, schoolteacher, each a gold watch.

Villages Lorrains En Yougoslavie
by André Rosambert, 1933 L'Illustration (French Magazine), 01 Apr 1933 N. 4700. Article of interest to Banaters, and all those who have roots from the Lorrain area. A focus on Saint-Hubert, Charleville and Seultour. [published at DVHH.org 15 Oct 2010]

Villages Lorrains En Roumanie
by André Rosambert, 1934
L'Illustration (French Magazine), 24 Nov 1934 - Issue N. 4786 Article of interest to Banaters, and all those who have roots from the Lorrain area. A focus on Triebswetter, Charleville and Seultour and Mercydorf.  [published at DVHH.org 13 Sep 2010]

Churches of the Banat Provided by Alex Leeb (Source: FHC=FAMILY HISTORY LIBRARY CATALOG / DVL=Donauschwaben Village List)

Aus unseren Banater Dörfern (E: From our Banat Villages) 1978 Kerwei, Musik, Feuerwehr (Fire Department) Aus unseren Banater Dörfern, Pipatsch-Kulener for Jahr 1978, Neue Banater Zeitung, Timisoara [published at DVHH.org 12 Aug 2010]

Magdalena (Leni) Gärtner Martin *Setschanfeld. Author of "Sheltered in the Shadow of Your Wings" -review by Arlene Prunkl [published at DVHH.org 13 Jul 2010]

Prayer for today - A beautiful prayer in gothic script from the 1880's. (by the parish priest of Saint-Lambert church in Münster, 1883) Translated  by N.Tullius  [published at DVHH.org 01 Mar 2010]

Ethnic Germans in the Banat: Forgotten —Yet Timely —History By Stefan Bastius [published at DVHH.org 01 Mar 2010]

Short History of the Nitschkydorf Church, translated by Duncan Gardiner [published at DVHH.org 01 Mar 2010]

A Visit to Nitzkydorf by Duncan Gardiner, 1989 [published at DVHH.org 01 Mar 2010]

Heimattag 1 & 2, Temeswar 2009 - Banat

Fellow Donauschwaben Anton Bedö-Zollner, born in Lippa, died 01 Jan 2009 at age 74.  Historian and writer, Anton shared his findings freely.

Stefan Heinz Kehrer died on December 18, 2009 in Berlin, at the age of 96 years.

Finding Vital 1796-1945 Data Regarding German and Hungarian Ancestors of Banat(ska) Topola and Novo Selo, Plus an Exposé About the Local 1945-1946 Internment Camp for Germans of Yugoslavia; By Jacob Steigerwald - The publication should also be of particular interest to descendants of Danube Swabians who have been wondering about actual procedures that Tito’s partisans employed in wiping out the ethnic group. In a variety of ways, my account also has relevance regarding criminal actions against indigenous Germans elsewhere in the country, from 1944 until 1948. [16 Nov 2009] ~ Banat Topola Village information

You asked for it, special attention to the Banat Authors, see:  Banat Biographies

The Shadow of Herta Müller at the Nitzkydorf Cemetery By Viorel Ilişoi, Translated by Nick Tullius 28 Oct 2009 [Published at DVHH.org 30 Oct 2009]

Congratulations fellow Donauschwaben! "Herta Müller" 2009 Nobel Prize in Literature Recipient!  Born in Nitzkydorf, Banat.  Info and publication list.

Reminder: Niklas Shilzony, Inventor:
Musical Reed Pipe Instrument 1918/ Application (full PDF doc)

Settlements in the Banat (1763‑1773) [Chapter 10 from volume 3, of the book "Ethnographie der Oesterreichischen Monarchie" by Karl Czoernig, 1857] Translated by Nick Tullius 27 Oct 2008, [Published at DVHH.org 18 Jan 2009] 

Reminder: Donauschwaben Associations in Romania Banat.

Additions to the Alexanderhausen Village Photos taken the summer of 2008 by Nick Tullius

Florimund Claudius Graf Mercy (1666-1734) ~ "Count Mercy – Colonizer and Governor", written by Wilhelm Reiter. Contributed by Jody McKim, translated by Nick Tullius 20 Sep 2008, [Published at DVHH.org 08 Oct 2008]

The Banat – a “Penal Colony“ of Maria Theresia? by Dr. Hans Dama.  The article was written by Hans Dama in reply to a claim by Wassertheurer that the Banat was transformed into a "Penal Colony" by Maria Theresia. A version of it was published in the Banater Post. [Contributed by Hans Dama, translated by Nick Tullius [Published at DVHH.org 23 Sep 2008]

Banat Volunteers . . .

New Lookups Guide: William Knuttel - for villages St. Hubert, Charleville, Seultour. See lookup details on the Banat Village Index.
[06 Apr 2009]
 

Click Image to Enlarge

Peter Knapp of PA, Village Coordinator for Kleinbetschkerek
[12 Nov 2008]
 

Linda Klewinowski of FL, Village Coordinator for villages: Königshof, Ruskodorf and Klek, including Lookups Guide. [20 Aug 2008]
 

Ray Borschowa, Village Coordinator: Georgshausen. [19 Aug 2008]

Hans Gehl Named Honorary Professor & Acceptance Speech by Hans Gehl

Maria Radna Basilica Restoration & Collection of Votive Pictures of Maria Radna

Robert Rohr, born in Werschetz, Banat; renown Danube Swabian Music Historian, Composer and Author.  Died on January 10, 2008, at 85 years old.  See Tribute to Robert Rohr

Franz Bittenbinder, one of the best-known and most versatile painters, commercial artists and caricaturists of the Banat.

Shift of Languages in the Works of Robert Reiter by Imre J. Balázs (Cluj/Romania). Robert Reiter, later known as Franz Liebhard) was born in 1899 in Temesvar.

 

counties (Vármegye) (Fig. 3)as it had been before the Turkish occupation. The western strip, from the Marosch to the Danube and along the Theiß (Tisza), formed the county of Torontal, with its county seat in Großbetschkerek. The largest part of this county, with the exception of the area around Großsanktnikolaus, is today on Serbian territory. In the middle, in the form of a narrow strip of the same length, was the Temesch county (Temes), whose administration was located in Temeswar. It included, among others, the localities of Neuarad, Lippa, Busiasch, Detta and Tschakowa, as well as Werschetz, Weißkirchen and Pantschowa which today belong to Serbia. Count Christophor Niczky was appointed the first Prefect (Comite) of Temesch County. The eastern strip of the Banat was the county of Karasch-Severin (Krassó-Szörény), which also extended from the Marosch (approximately between Batta and Soborschin / Savarsin) to the Danube (between Basiasch and Orschowa) and its tributary, the Tscherna (Hungarian: Cserna). The county seat was located in Lugosch.
Source: Anton Zollner in German 2002

Banat Coordinators:

Nick Tullius
Ottawa - CA

Alex Leeb
Calgary, CA

Jody McKim Pharr
Woodstock, GA

Banat Reunions
Landsmannschaft Banater Schwaben e.V. Heimattag, Ulm

Mercydorf Reunions

Heimattreffen Mercydorf
21 Sept 2013 in Gaimersheim
by Michael Klaus (YouTube)

 

Keeping the Danube Swabian legacy alive

Last Updated: 21 Apr 2014

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